Azusa Pacific University is an evangelical Christian university founded in 1899 located in Southern California. The San Gabriel Valley Tribune reported on Monday that one of the university’s employees, a chef named Mahesh Pradhan, has been harassed with “anti-gay rhetoric” by university employees. Pradhan says he is not gay but has been perceived that way. The paper also reported that he says he has been labeled a troublemaker for “speaking out against the harassment of others.”

Pradhan is suing the school “for retaliation, wrongful demotion and, among other things, infliction of emotional distress, and to call for more inclusiveness and acceptance of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning or queer community.”

Azusa Pacific University says they do not allow harassment. “We value and respect our employees, and we do not condone harassment,” APU Spokesperson Rachel White told the SGV Tribune. “It’s completely against who we are as a university community.”

Fifty students (out of several thousand who attend the school) rallied on behalf of Pradhan. They delivered a list of four demands to the university administration.

  1. A full investigation and disciplinary actions for those who allegedly harassed Pradhan
  2. Recognition of the LGBTQ+ student group Haven as an official Azusa Pacific University student club
  3. The removal of clauses in the student handbook that discriminate against the LGBTQ+ students
  4. The establishment of campuswide LGBTQ+ training for faculty, staff and incoming students

Students are expected to sign a statement of agreement with institutional policy when they apply that says:

If admitted to APU, you are expected to abide by the rules and regulations of the University as contained in the current Undergraduate Catalog, Student Standards of Conduct, and departmental brochures/policies in addition to what is described above. If there is a dispute between you and the University, you may appeal. It is your responsibility to be aware of the policies outlined at Checking the box below indicates that you have read and understand the preceding Statement of Agreement and you pledge to abide by the rules and regulations of Azusa Pacific University.

While APU is a distinctively Christian institution, students do not have to be Christians to be admitted. However, every student is encouraged to be open to learning about the Christian faith and expected to uphold the school’s policies and regulations. These include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • As an evangelical Christian university, APU affirms the supremacy of Christ in all areas of life. Reflecting our Wesleyan-Holiness heritage, we consider right living important along with right belief. We seek truth primarily through Scripture and integrate other sources, such as reason, tradition, and experience.
  • As an evangelical Christian community of disciples and scholars, Azusa Pacific University approaches diversity from a biblical perspective, affirming that diversity is an expression of God’s image, love, and boundless creativity.
  • Students possessing, distributing, and/or using alcohol, narcotics, or other intoxicants on University premises or at University- sponsored activities will be subject to judicial action. The University acknowledges that biblical teaching, church history, and data showing the dangers of alcohol abuse provide sound foundations for clear community standards related to alcohol. Therefore, the University has established specific policies regarding this behavior, which can be found in the faculty, staff, and student handbooks.

The student conduct policy explicitly states, “Students may not engage in a romanticized same-sex relationship.” The university also has policies addressing prohibiting cohabitation, sexual harassment, stalking, sexual violence, and inappropriate sexual behavior.

The policy under inappropriate sexual behavior states, “Students may not engage in unmarried sexual behavior. The university only recognizes the marriage between a man and a woman.”

APU also has a Human Sexuality Identity Statement that students are referred to that reads:

As an evangelical community of disciples and scholars who embrace the historic Christian understanding of Scripture, Azusa Pacific University holds that sexuality is a gift from God and basic to human identity as well as a matter of behavioral expression. We hold that the full behavioral expression of sexuality is to take place within the context of a marriage covenant between a man and a woman and that individuals remain celibate outside of the bond of marriage. Therefore, we seek to cultivate a community in which sexuality is embraced as God-given and good and where biblical standards of sexual behavior are upheld.

Biblical Foundations

Foundational principles from the Bible on human sexual relationships are as follows:

  1. Humans, being created in the image of God, are inherently relational beings (Genesis 1:26).
  2. The inherent relational nature of humankind is expressed in a variety of contexts including family, marriage, work, and for Christians, the body of Christ (Hebrews 10:24-25; 1 Corinthians 12:14).
  3. Humans were created as gendered beings. They were expressly blessed by God to be fruitful and multiply and to exercise dominion over the earth (Genesis 1:26-28).
  4. Heterosexuality is God’s design for sexually intimate relationships. Sexual union between a man and a woman is only to take place within the marriage covenant (Genesis 2:18, 21-24; Hebrews 13:4).
  5. Jesus reaffirms the marital covenant as existing between a man and a woman (Matthew 19:4-9).
  6. The New Testament teaches that followers of Christ are to remain celibate outside the bond of marriage. In sexual union, both body and soul are deeply impacted. A person who engages in sexual unions outside the bond of marriage sins against his or her own body, which is the temple of the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 6:13, 18-20).
  7. The sexual union between a husband and wife has been designed by God to bring them together as “one flesh,” creating a solid foundation on which to build a family (Genesis 2:18-24; Ephesians 5:31).
  8. In Scripture, several sexual behaviors are expressly forbidden, which include but are not limited to: fornication, adultery, incest, unnatural sexual intercourse, and homosexual acts (Exodus 20:14; Leviticus 18:7-23, 20:10-21; Matthew 5:27-28; Romans 1:20-27; 1 Corinthians 6:9; Galatians 5:19; Ephesians 4:17-19; Colossians 3:5).

Azusa Pacific University pledges to guide the university community toward understanding and embracing their God-given sexuality as reflected in this statement. Any deviation from a biblical standard of sexual behavior is sin and therefore is an opportunity for repentance, grace, and redemption, so that as a community we might honor one another and glorify God.

In regards to employment, applicants are encouraged to read “What We Believe” (which includes the Human Sexuality Identity Statement) before applying.

Why It Matters:

This is not the first time that an evangelical higher educational institution has been pressured to sacrifice its biblical stand on human sexuality. California’s Christian universities dodged a bullet as California Governor Jerry Brown just vetoed a bill that would have prohibited faith-based organizations like APU from having a code of conduct for abortion and sexual behavior.

For those who ask “how has gay marriage impacted you?” We can point to stories such as this. There are some who want to make us conform. Right now Christian colleges and universities are feeling the most heat, but it will not stop there.

Christian-based institutions must be allowed to retain their identity or else they cease to be Christian-based.

As for those students who complain about the school’s position, APU’s spokesperson Rachel White said it best, “APU adheres to a traditional definition of marriage. We are transparent about our belief. Each student must look at the university’s values and decide if APU is the right place for them. It’s an individual choice.”

No one forced those students to attend APU, and no one forced Mr. Pradhan to work there. He does not deserve harassment. If this happened, the school should follow its policies regarding such behavior (and they may have already). If Mr. Pradhan seeks to impose as values that contradict the school’s they have every right to discipline him for that. Again, he knew where he was going to work and what they believe.

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  1. No one is wanting to “make you conform.” This club literally just wants to be recognized as valid human beings. This club could potentially help other kids who are hurting and have these thoughts that they are invalid. This could help people feel valued in the face of these rules. No one is forcing you to conform, they just do not want to be discriminated against.

    1. Jane (Obviously, not your real name),

      How is asking demanding the school (not me) to change what they believe about marriage and sexuality (it’s about more than just the club – read their demands again) not expecting them to conform?

  2. I hope this goes out to all who have quoted Caffeinated Thoughts as their source for this story. I agree completely that APU should not change its stance on trad’l marriage and sexuality. However, my comment is not to address the student group at the protest – their demands of a Christian university are completely out of line. I don’t understand why Mr. Pradhan connected with them (or his lawyer – I lay much of the blame for the gay angle of the story at his feet), as his suit re: sexual harassment is completely valid without invoking inclusion of any LGBTxxx issues.

    He repeatedly complained of the harassment, went up the chain of superiors, and no one would listen to him or take him seriously, including HR. If APU would have just dealt with the perpetrators this would never have gone this far. If I, as a conservative, Jesus-loving Christian, heterosexual, married individual had someone call me vulgar names of any stripe, mischaracterizing or not, cram a pizza paddle between my legs and lock me in a freezer, I would complain to HR too. If you really want to dig deeper, the harassment also stemmed from a racially charged angle as some Egyptians and other ethnicities working there didn’t like that he was from Southeast Asia.

    I know him personally and he is not gay and doesn’t condone the lifestyle. Why he chose to wear a rainbow sticker the day of the protest, I cannot say, it was not in his best interests. His attorney is apparently trying to get all the publicity he can and is aligning with the completely wrong crowd for Pradhan’s issue at hand. Pradhan has been married for 11 yrs (to a woman – look up courthouse records); they’re standing together in a pic in the San Gabriel Valley Tribune article for goodness sake and he’s wearing a wedding ring. He is a Christian, attends an evangelical church and has taught Sunday School. All these stories claiming he is homosexual when he is not need to get their facts straight, speak to him directly. Sadly, the main story here is not Pradhan’s case but the demands of the LGBTxxx group, which are a completely separate issue from the Pradhan lawsuit, and so I’m sure few are interested in what Pradhan has to say further to clarify his case.

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